The Race for the White House 2016: Who is Hillary Clinton? Part 1

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This week’s Presidential candidate post is going to be about the third individual to put in their bid for the White House: Hillary Clinton. We’ll be focusing on her personal background and her voting history on six topics:  Healthcare, Education, Job Creation (including minimum wage), Social Programs (medicare/medicaid, SSI, EBT, etc), Gun Control and Human Rights (including LGBT rights and women’s rights). I get all my information on voting history from the website Project Vote Smart and there are many, many more topics than these six so I would encourage you to look up the voting histories for this and all the candidates on other subjects that interest you.

Hillary Clinton: Personal Information

Hillary Diane Rodham Clinton was born on October 26, 1947 in Chicago, Illinois to Hugh Rodham and Dorothy Howell. A the age of three, the Rodham family moved to Park Ridge, Illinois where she grew up. In 1965, Clinton enrolled in Wellesley College as a political science major. Her first year at the college, Clinton served as President of the Wellesley Young Republicans but later stepped down after the Civil Rights Movement and the Vietnam War made her change her political views to something more liberal. In 1969, Clinton graduated from Wellesley with a Bachelor of Arts degree with departmental honors in political science. (1)

After graduating from Wellesley, Hillary Clinton enrolled in Yale Law School. While attending Yale, Clinton was involved in many volunteer and social advocacy programs, including working at the Yale Child Study Center and taking on cases of child abuse at the Yale-New Haven Hospital. In 1970, Clinton was recruited by political adviser Ann Wexler to work on the campaign of Connecticut US Senate candidate Joseph Duffy, which was her first political job. In the spring of 1971, Clinton began dating Bill Clinton – a fellow student at Yale. They were married October 11, 1975. (1)

Bill Clinton won the Arkansas gubernatorial race in 1978 and Hillary was the first lady of Arkansas for the next 12 years. While her husband was governor of Arkansas, Clinton worked for the Rose Law Firm, where she was renowned for bringing in new clients and closing cases.  From 1982-1988, she also served on the board of directors for the New World Foundation, which funded a variety of New Left interest groups. She also served on the boards of the Arkansas Children’s Hospital Legal Services and the Children’s Defense Fund. (1)

In January of 1993, Hillary Rodham Clinton became the First Lady of the United States after her husband was elected President. After he was sworn in, Bill Clinton appointed his wife head of the Task Force on National Healthcare Reform. Shortly thereafter, she proposed the Clinton Healthcare Plan – called “Hillarycare” by critics. She failed to get the support for the bill and it never passed. In 1997, along with senators Ted Kennedy and Orrin Hatch, Clinton helped to pass the State Children’s Health Insurance Program. She promoted nationwide immunization against childhood illnesses and  successfully sought to increase research funding for prostate cancer and childhood asthma. Clinton helped create the Office on Violence Against Women and initiated the Adoption and Safe Families Act. (1)

In September of 2000, Hillary Clinton was sworn in as a United States Senator. While serving in this capacity, she served on five Senate committees: The Committee on Budget, the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on Environment and Public Works, the Committee on Health, Education, Labor and Pensions and the Special Committee of Aging. Clinton served as an US Senator until 2008, when she was sworn in as US Secretary of State under President Barrack Obama, a position she held until 2013. Hillary Rodham Clinton announced she was running in the 2016 Presidential race on April 12, 2015. (1)

Hillary Clinton: The Issues

Healthcare:

*Co-sponsor: S 218 – Greater Access to Pharmaceuticals Act (2)

*On June 29, 2001: Yea on S 1052 – Patients’ Bill of Rights (2.1)

*On July 31, 2002: Yea on S 812 – Greater Access to Pharmaceuticals Act (2.2)

*On June 27, 2003: Nay on S 1 – Medicare Prescription Drug Benefit Bill (2.3)

*On November 25, 2003: Nay on HR 1 – Medicare Prescription Drug Bill (2.4)

*On March 17, 2005: Nay on S Amdt 229 – Medicaid Amendment (2.5)

*On March 17, 2005: Yea on S Amdt 214 – Prescription Drugs Amendment (2.6)

*On October 5, 2005: Yea on S Amdt 1937 – Health Care for Veterans Amendment (2.7)

*On October 27, 2005: Yea on S Amdt 2259 – AIDS Drug Assistance Program Amendment (2.8)

Education:

*On November 6, 2001: Yea on HR 3061 – Labor, HHS, and Education Appropriations Act of 2002 (2.9)

*On December 18, 2001: Yea on HR 1 – No Child Left Behind Act (3.0)

*On March 17, 2005: Yea on S Amdt 177 – Education Amendment (3.1)

*On March 17, 2005: Yea on S Amdt 172 – Perkins Vocational Education Program Amendment (3.2)

*Co-sponsor: S 2213 – Federal Pell Grant Increase Amendment (3.3)

*Co-sponsor: S Amdt 2275 – Elementary and Secondary Education Act Amendment (3.4)

*On October 11, 2005: Yea on S Amdt 2287 – After School Funding Amendment (3.5)

Job Creation:

*On May 23, 2003: Nay on HR 2 – Jobs and Economic Growth Bill (3.6)

*On May 11, 2004: Yea on S 1637 – Jump start our Business Strength (JOBS) Act (3.7)

*On October 11, 2004: Yea on HR 4520 – JOBS Act (3.8)

*Co-Sponsor: S Amdt 44 – Minimum Wage Amendment (3.9)

Social Programs:

*Co-sponsor: S 23 – Unemployment Benefits Bill (4.0)

*Co-Sponsor: S Amdt 3114 – Unemployment Benefits Amendment (4.1)

*On September 22, 2005: Yea on HR 2744 – Agriculture, Rural Development and FDA Appropriations Act (4.2)

Gun Control:

*On March 2, 2004: Nay on S 1805 – Firearms Manufacturers Protection Bill (4.3)

*On July 25, 2005: Nay on S 397 – Firearms Manufacturers Protection Bill (4.4)

Human Rights:

*Co-sponsor: S 625 – Hate Crimes Bill (4.5)

*On June 11, 2002: Yea on S 625 –  Hate Crimes Bill (4.6)

*On June 21, 2002: Yea on S Amdt 3927 – Military Abortion Amendment (4.7)

*On October 21, 2003: Nay on S 3 – Prohibit Partial Birth/Late Term Abortion Bill (4.8)

*On March 25, 2004: Nay on HR 1997 – Unborn Victims of Violence Act of 2004 (4.9)

*Co-Sponsor S 2329 – Victims’ Rights Bill (5.0)

*On May 14, 2014: Yea on HR 1350 – Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (5.1)

*On July 14, 2004: Nay on S J Res 40 – Federal Marriage Amendment (5.2)

*Sponsor: S Amdt 244 – Unintended Pregnancy Amendment (5.3)

*On March 17, 2005: Yea on S Amdt 211 – Native American Funding Amendment (5.4)

*Sponsor: S Amdt 2292 – Individuals with Disabilities Education Amendment (5.5)

Sources:

(1) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hillary_Rodham_Clinton

(2) http://votesmart.org/bill/3147/11321/55463/greater-access-to-affordable-pharmaceuticals-act

(2.1) http://votesmart.org/bill/3137/7845/55463/patients-bill-of-rights

( 2.2) http://votesmart.org/bill/3147/7790/55463/greater-access-to-affordable-pharmaceuticals-act

(2.3) http://votesmart.org/bill/3244/7823/55463/medicare-prescription-drug-benefit-bill

(2.4) http://votesmart.org/bill/3863/11948/55463/medicare-prescription-drug-bill

(2.5) http://votesmart.org/bill/3710/8752/55463/medicaid-amendment

(2.6) http://votesmart.org/bill/7400/20709/55463/prescription-drugs-amendment

(2.7) http://votesmart.org/bill/3698/9025/55463/health-care-for-veterans-amendment

(2.8) http://votesmart.org/bill/3707/9017/55463/aids-drug-assistance-program-amendment

(2.9) http://votesmart.org/bill/3111/7811/55463/labor-hhs-and-education-appropriations-act-2002

(3.0) http://votesmart.org/bill/3087/8426/55463/no-child-left-behind-act

(3.1) http://votesmart.org/bill/3697/8854/55463/education-amendment

(3.2) http://votesmart.org/bill/3696/8859/55463/perkins-vocational-education-program-amendment

(3.3) http://votesmart.org/bill/3705/11526/55463/federal-pell-grant-increase-amendment

(3.4) http://votesmart.org/bill/3708/11529/55463/elementary-and-secondary-education-act-amendment

(3.5) http://votesmart.org/bill/3709/9015/55463/after-school-funding-amendment

(3.6) http://votesmart.org/bill/3172/8406/55463/jobs-and-economic-growth-bill

(3.7) http://votesmart.org/bill/3983/12369/55463/jumpstart-our-business-strength-jobs-act

(3.8) http://votesmart.org/bill/3219/11697/55463/jobs-jumpstart-our-business-strength

(3.9) http://votesmart.org/bill/3753/11574/55463/minimum-wage-amendment

(4.0) http://votesmart.org/bill/3256/11334/55463/unemployment-benefits-bill

(4.1) http://votesmart.org/bill/3663/11503/55463/unemployment-benefits-amendment

(4.2) http://votesmart.org/bill/3284/7695/55463/agriculture-rural-development-and-fda-appropriations-act

(4.3) http://votesmart.org/bill/3254/7776/55463/firearms-manufacturers-protection-bill

(4.4) http://votesmart.org/bill/3392/7775/55463/firearms-manufacturers-protection-bill

(4.5) http://votesmart.org/bill/3146/11320/55463/hate-crimes-bill

(4.6) http://votesmart.org/bill/3146/7793/55463/hate-crimes-bill

(4.7) http://votesmart.org/bill/3660/8761/55463/military-abortion-amendment

(4.8) http://votesmart.org/bill/3260/11953/55463/prohibit-partial-birthlate-term-abortion-bill

(4.9) http://votesmart.org/bill/3171/7874/55463/unborn-victims-of-violence-act-2004

(5.0) http://votesmart.org/bill/3257/11335/55463/victims-rights-bill

(5.1) http://votesmart.org/bill/3160/7803/55463/individuals-with-disabilities-education-improvement-act

(5.2) http://votesmart.org/bill/3266/7773/55463/federal-marriage-amendment\

(5.3) http://votesmart.org/bill/7402/20713/55463/unintended-pregnancy-amendment

(5.4) http://votesmart.org/bill/3701/8782/55463/native-american-funding-amendment

(5.5) http://votesmart.org/bill/3711/11532/55463/individuals-with-disabilities-education-amendment

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